Cover Osteuropa 4/2006

In Osteuropa 4/2006

Russia's Nuclear Industry
Centralisation, Control, Competition

Adam N. Stulberg

Deutsche Fassung


Chernobyl, the dissolution of the Soviet Union and economic decline in the 1990s led to a deterioration of Russia's nuclear sector. After contradictory reforms under Boris El'tsin, Vladimir Putin's regime is trying to centralise the industry again, so as to boost its national and international competitiveness. The goal is to make the nuclear industrial complex an additional pillar – next to the gas and oil sectors – on which Russia can base its aspirant status as a "energy supplier great power". A neo-institutional analysis, however, shows that centralisation leads to losses in control. These decrease the chance that Russia's nuclear sector can achieve strategic significance.

(Osteuropa 4/2006, pp. 199–220)