Cover Osteuropa 6/2008

In Osteuropa 6/2008

Occupation or Liberation?
Latvian and Russian Views of History in Conflict

Katja Wezel

Deutsche Fassung


After Latvia regained independence in 1991, the Latvians struggled with the integration of the country's Russians into state and society. Today, the conflicts over state citizenship have largely been resolved, but society remains divided. This is seen most clearly in interpretations of 20th century history. Every year, the Russians celebrate victory in the Great Patriotic War just as in the Soviet era. For Latvians, the end of the war marks the start of a violent occupation. Both sides honour their heroes and brand those of the other criminals.

(Osteuropa 6/2008, pp. 147–158)