Cover Osteuropa 2-3/2009

In Osteuropa 2-3/2009

The Great Transformation
Poland on the Road to the “Round Table”

Edmund Wnuk-Lipiński

Deutsche Fassung


The break with Communism in 1989 began in Poland at least ten years earlier. The peaceful dismantling of Communism was the result of a transition that took place within society. The visit of the Pope in 1979 overcame the atomisation of society. The economic crisis advanced the establishment of a mass movement around Solidarność. With martial law, the regime lost the rest of its legitimacy, but the opposition was not in a position to take power. The Round Table broke the stalemate in favour of the opposition and set in motion the political about-face within the Socialist camp.

(Osteuropa 2-3/2009, pp. 173–182)