Cover Osteuropa 11/2010

In Osteuropa 11/2010

Idea and Identity
Lines of Tradition in Soviet Dissent

Leonid Luks

Deutsche Fassung


The rise of the dissident movement in the Soviet Union fed on the protest against the interrupted de-Stalinism. At the same time, the mere existence of dissidents was an indicator for the extent of change that had taken place after Stalin’s death. The relinquishment of mass terror represented a true revolution from above. Originally, representatives of different ideological currents were to be found among the dissidents. Gradually, ideological disputes within the regime-critical camp increased in acrimony. Two basic currents crystallised. These harkened back to the 19th-century debate between the “Westernisers” and the “Slavophiles.”

(Osteuropa 11/2010, pp. 127–152)