Cover Osteuropa 12/2011

In Osteuropa 12/2011

Enemies, Enemies Everywhere
The World as Viktor Orbán Sees It

Krisztina Koenen

Deutsche Fassung


Viktor Orbán is Hungary’s prime minister and chairman of the ruling party Fidesz. He unveils his political goals and worldview in speeches and publications. According to Orbán, Hungary is threatened politically and economically by enemies at home and abroad. The small country is downtrodden, but, in an emergency, it will take on the whole world. This image is popular because it combines victimisation with megalomania. Orbán’s worldview contains all the elements of romantic, revolutionary nationalism and cultural pessimism, which were widespread at the end of the 19th and the start of the 20th century. They were the starting point of Italian Fascism and German National Socialism.

(Osteuropa 12/2011, pp. 105–118)