Cover Osteuropa 10/2012

In Osteuropa 10/2012

Anti-Semitism and Self-Assertion
Jewish Life in the People’s Republic of Poland

Hans-Christian Dahlmann

Deutsche Fassung


After the Holocaust, only 300,000 of the prewar population of 3 million Jews remained in Poland. A large part of these people left Poland after anti-Semitic outbursts in 1946 and 1956, as well as the anti-Semitic campaign in 1968. The few already assimilated Jews who did not emigrate distanced themselves even further from their cultural and religious roots. In the 1970s, a new consciousness towards Jewish identity began to evolve, so that after the changes of 1989 the first signs of Jewish life in Poland came into being once again.

(Osteuropa 10/2012, pp. 97–108)