Cover Osteuropa 10/2012

In Osteuropa 10/2012

With the Eyes of the Security Service
Jewish Resettlement in Silesia in 1949

Markus Nesselrodt

Deutsche Fassung


Polish Holocaust survivors were often unable to return to their former homes after the war. The Polish government settled many of them in the newly acquired territories in the country’s west and, initially, gave them considerable autonomy. It was precisely this autonomy that attracted special attention from the security apparatus. The monthly reports of the local security service from 1949 show that the authorities were informed in detail about the tense relationship between Jewish and non-Jewish residents and actively intervened in the emigration movement within the framework of the programme Option for Israel.

(Osteuropa 10/2012, pp. 85–96)