Cover Osteuropa 2-4/2014

In Osteuropa 2-4/2014

War, Flight, and Nation
The Refugee Drama in the Tsarist Empire and Its Consequences 1914–1920

Peter Gatrell

Deutsche Fassung


In Eastern Europe, the First World War was not static. The constantly changing front lines led to the flight and expulsion of millions. The columns of refugees were the breeding ground of nations. Peasants, craftsmen, priests, and noblemen were forced to leave their homeland. They came back as Latvians, Poles, or Armenians.

(Osteuropa 2-4/2014, pp. 185–196)