Cover Osteuropa 6-8/2019

In Osteuropa 6-8/2019

Romania and the Holocaust
Ion Antonescu as the destroyer and saviour of Jews

Mariana Hausleitner

Deutsche Fassung


During the 1990s, some Romanian politicians and journalists demanded that Ion Antonescu, the “State Leader” from 1940 to 1944, should be rehabilitated. Antonescu had been executed as a war criminal in 1946. Now, some historians were claiming that in 1942, he had not turned over Romania’s Jews to the SS. Yet previously, tens of thousands of Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina had been killed after he had ordered them to be deported. During the Romanian occupation of Transnistria, over a hundred thousand Ukrainian Jews had been murdered. Serious academic research into these violent excesses did not begin in Romania until after 2003.

(Osteuropa 6-8/2019, pp. 73–89)