Cover Osteuropa 12/2020

In Osteuropa 12/2020

A turning point in the South Caucasus
The defeat of Armenia in the war over Nagorno-Karabakh

Otto Luchterhandt

Deutsche Fassung


The attack on Nagorno-Karabakh by Azerbaijan was a serious infringement of the prohibition of violence imposed on the country by the ceasefire agreement of 12 May 1994. The intervention by Turkey further exacerbated the violation of international law. It was only through Turkey’s help that Azerbaijan was able to win this third war against the people of Nagorno-Karabakh, who were attempting to defend their right to self-determination. As was the case in the April War in 2016, the “Minsk Group” of the OSCE failed to restrain two of its members Azerbaijan and Turkey, from violating international law. Rather, they were encouraged to do so.

(Osteuropa 12/2020, pp. 59–79)