Cover Osteuropa 10-11/2023

In Osteuropa 10-11/2023

The Fall of Artsakh
Historical tragedy and alarm signal for the Republic of Armenia

Otto Luchterhandt

Deutsche Fassung


By attacking the de facto state of Artsakh in violation of international law, Azerbaijan brought about its downfall. After the surrender of its troops, the entire Armenian population fled in a large exodus. Responsibility also lies with Russia, which was obliged to protect the enclave and its population and was in a position to do so with the “peace-building contingent” stationed there. But the entire international community also bears responsibility, because it ignored the Karabakh Armenians’ right to self-determination and the prohibition on the use of force, which is rooted in customary international law. Armenia now finds itself in a precarious situation. Not only does the country have to integrate 100,000 refugees. Azerbaijan is making further demands and emphasising them with aggressive behaviour.

(Osteuropa 10-11/2023, pp. 15–49)