Cover Osteuropa 7-9/2023

In 7-9/2023

Imperial Histories
China and Russia in International Orders

Jürgen Osterhammel

Deutsche Fassung


Within the framework of international orders, relations between Russia and China can be described as bilateral diplomatic and economic relations between great powers. However, they can also be characterised and explained as partly parallel and partly intertwined curves of imperial rise, decline, and resurgence. These curves were staggered and asymmetrical. Only in the exception has a balance of power between the two actors existed in equilibrium.

(7-9/2023, pp. 7–20)