Cover Osteuropa 8-10/2008

In Special Issue

Fragile Coexistence, Tragic Acceptance
The Politics and History of the East European Jews

Antony Polonsky

Full text file (PDF, 278 kB)


Eastern Europe’s Jews have their own history. In the 18th and 19th centuries, repression and reform forced the Jews to assimilate to their surroundings. However, attempts to integrate failed repeatedly and led to ideological divisions among the Jews. As Zionists, integrationists, and socialists, they pursued different paths to social and legal equality. Most East European Jews were murdered during the Holocaust. After the Second World War, some of the survivors tried to shape Communist societies – unsuccessfully. Antisemitism and pogroms forced them to emigrate.

(Special Issue, pp. 17–24)

Full text file (PDF, 278 kB)