Cover Osteuropa 6/2020

In Osteuropa 6/2020

Democratic, pro-western, racist?
The National Democrats in Russia

Evgenij Kazakov

Deutsche Fassung


The National Democrats are enjoying increasing popularity among opponents of the regime in Russia. They have deep roots in Russian 19th century intellectual history. They combine positive ideas about democracy and market economy with ethnonational views. After overcoming antisemitism, the ideas nurtured by the supporters of this movement have become compatible with those of right-wing liberals. Elements of their worldview include an idealised image of the classical West, criticism of Russia’s model of ethnic federalism, majoritarian democracy, criticism of Islam and migration. Their goal is democracy, but the demos to which they refer are only the ethnic Russians.

(Osteuropa 6/2020, pp. 147–164)